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Catholicism Continues To Grow In Africa And Asia, Plummets In Europe, New Report Says

The lower numbers reflect a drop in Europeans joining seminaries. Cardinal Luis Tagle calls Europe “mission territory.”

NEW YORK — The number of Roman Catholics across Africa and Asia continues to grow, according to a new report highlighted by the Vatican, while the number of adherents in Europe dwindles.

“If we keep the faith to ourselves, we will become weak. And if we keep the faith to a small group, it might become an elite group,” Cardinal Luis Tagle of the Philippines warned on Oct. 21 during a Vatican news conference.

The report, compiled by Fides News Service, serves as a statistical snapshot of the church’s global population and institutions. It compared 2019 with the prior year and was based on the latest available statistics.

The findings, akin to a Vatican census, did not take into account the pandemic and the affects COVID-19 had on faith and church attendance as a result of shutdown orders across much of the world.

The report was released to coincide with World Mission Day, which is celebrated on the third Sunday of October each year. Pope Francis, in a message posted to the Holy See’s official website, highlighted the day’s purpose.

A new report highlighted by the Vatican and Pope Francis shows the number of Roman Catholics adherents and seminarians in Europe is dwindling. (Michael Campanella/Getty Images)

“We recall with gratitude all those men and women who by their testimony of life help us to renew our baptismal commitment to be generous and joyful apostles of the gospel,” he wrote. “Let us remember especially all those who resolutely set out, leaving home and family behind, to bring the gospel to all those places and people athirst for its saving message.”

Church sees massive growth in Africa

Overall, the total number of Catholics throughout the world grew by 15.4 million people. The number of Catholics as a percentage of the world’s total world also rose slightly, to nearly 18 percent, according to the report.

The church saw the biggest growth in Africa, where the number of Catholics increased by 8.3 million. That now means a total of 19 percent of the planet’s Catholic population hails from Africa. In Asia, the number of Catholics reached 149 million, where they still represent a minority of the continent’s overall population.

A Nigerian Catholic receives communion during morning mass in Kano, Nigeria. Kano is part of Nigeria’s primarily Muslim north, but a devoted Catholic minority participates in frequent Masses in local cathedrals. (Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

The report revealed Catholicism is growing everywhere but Europe — prompting Tagle to call that part of the world “mission territory.” There are 300,000 fewer Catholics in Europe, another sign the West has become increasingly secular.

“The faith is a gift from the Holy Spirit,” Tagle added. “We are really concerned, not only for Europe, but for all the world, regarding evangelization.”

These latest figures seem to reflect similar trends tracked by Pew Research Center in 2018. In that study, Pew found people in Africa said religion is very important to them, less so in Europe.

“The share of adults who consider religion to be very important in their lives is generally low in Europe, where 23 percent of survey respondents in the average country say this,” Pew said at the time.

Vocations in decline across Europe

These lower numbers are also reflected in the drop seen among Europeans interested in joining seminaries.

In 2019, for example, there were 603 fewer seminarians across Europe compared to the previous year. In fact, priestly vocations are still a major concern for the church. The number was down across all continents, with Africa being the sole exception. That continent saw a year-to-year increase of 509 seminarians.

Oscott College Vice Rector Richard Walker (r) and Dean of Theology Philip Caldwell prepare for Mass in the sacristy in Birmingham, England. St. Mary’s College, Oscott opened in 1794. The formation for Catholic priesthood takes six years living in the college of seminarians dedicated to prayer, study and pastoral work in the local community.  (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

The total number of priests in the world increased to 414,336 — up 271 compared to 2018. The continent that registered a big decrease was again Europe — down 2,608 — while increases were registered in Asia — up 1,989, mostly in the Philippines — and Africa, up 1,649.

The number of ordinations and priests in Europe could be even lower when next year’s report is released, given the adverse effects of COVID-19. In Italy alone, over 200 priests died from coronavirus. That nearly equals the same amount of new clergy who graduated from Italian seminaries.

This past summer, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops said there was no comprehensive count of how many priests and nuns are among the more than 600,000 Americans who have died from COVID-19.

At the same time, according to the report, the number of bishops in the world decreased by 13 to 5,364.

Among the report’s other key findings, charitable organizations and health-care centers run by the church include 5,245 hospitals — most of them in Africa (1,418) and in the Americas (1,362). These organizations are increasingly being led by laypeople as a result of fewer vocations.

Produced in association with Religion Unplugged.

Edited by Fern Siegel and Kristen Butler

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