Border security is a life-or-death issue with many implications. Beyond the economic and electoral effects of illegal immigration, violent criminals and highly lethal drugs often enter the U.S. through its porous southern border. In addition, hundreds of people die each year while trying to cross the border.
Annual totals of border crossing deaths are commonly published by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) within about five or six months of the close of the federal government’s fiscal year on September 30th.
Title 42 had expired on Friday, a Trump policy where migrants were to remain in Mexico at the time COVID-19 hit.
Migrants who have taken the train from the Central America border to the U.S. boarder in Mexico have died from various reasons that includes extreme heat exhaustion. Some have died tried to across the Rio Grande in Texas that includes drowning.
Yet, more than 13 months after the close of the 2021 federal fiscal year, CBP has not published the data for 2021, the first year of Joe Biden’s presidency. CBP also hasn’t responded to Freedom of Information Act request for the data filed by Just Facts on October 27, 2021. CBP is part of the Department of Homeland Security, which is under the authority of President Biden.
“The answer is that desperate people do desperate things, and desperate things are often dangerous things,” Theresa Cardinal Brown said, a former Department of Homeland Security immigration official under George W. Bush and Barack Obama. “Is there a role that U.S. policy plays? Well, yes. But there’s also the role of migrants in deciding to do this and the smugglers in encouraging it.”
Nevertheless, someone at CBP “shared” the number of border crossing deaths in 2021 with CNN, and the number in 2022 was “obtained exclusively” by Fox News. Combined with historical data, these figures show that border crossing deaths have reached unprecedented levels in the past two fiscal years. From 247 people in 2020, border crossing deaths doubled to 557 in 2021—and tripled to 856 deaths in 2022:
In 2019, when a father and daughter who were trying to cross the border drowned in the Rio Grande, Kamala Harris and Beto O’Rourke blamed their deaths on Donald Trump, who was president at the time. However, the average yearly death toll from border crossings was lower under Trump than any other president for as far back as CBP data extends.
“It seems like it’s a slow moving river, but it’s fairly swift. It is very deceptive, very dangerous,” says Manuel Mello, the fire chief in Eagle Pass, a small city in South Texas that’s become one of the busiest crossing spots on the entire border.
While some people who are considering illegal immigration react to tighter border security by taking more dangerous paths, others respond by choosing not to make the trip at all. The net effect of these factors is unknown because many other variables can impact border crossing deaths.
Still, the lower number of deaths under Trump and vastly higher deaths under Biden run contrary to a 2013 article from U.S. News & World Report, which claimed that increased border security causes “a spike in migrant deaths.” The facts are more consistent with the theory that better border security reduces these deaths.
UN experts have called on Mexico and other states in the region to investigate the deaths in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico where deaths have occurred. The city of Juarez is considered one of the most dangerous cities despite a history of drug trafficking.
Produced in association with JustFacts