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Guinness Certifies World’s Heaviest Strawberry

The Ilan berry clocked in at 289 grams (about 10 ounces), whereas an average strawberry weighs 15 grams.

On February 12, an Israeli strawberry was certified by the Guinness World Records as the world’s heaviest.

Toot BaSadeh (Strawberry in the Field) farm, in centrally located Kadima-Zoran, grew the berry that weighed a bit more than 289 grams (about 10 ounces), or 299 with its stem.

To put that in perspective, farmer Tzahi Ariel first weighed an iPhone, which clocked in at 194 grams.

A regular strawberry weighs just 15 or 16 grams. The previous record-holder, grown in 2015 by Koji Nakao in Japan, weighed 250 grams.

The massive berry measured 18 centimeters (7 inches) long, 4 cm (1.57 inches) thick and 34 cm (13.3 inches) in circumference.

“I am a second-generation strawberry farmer,” Ariel tells ISRAEL21c. “Since my three brothers and I were children, we grew strawberries with our father.”

About 10 varieties of strawberries are raised on Toot BaSadeh’s 100 dunams, or 24.7 acres. The record-breaking Ilan variety was first planted there about three or four years ago, and like the others is sold in the farm’s own market and across Israel.

Israeli strawberry farmers Yedid Ariel, left, and Tzahi Ariel with the record-breaking berry in February 2022. (Shalev Ariel)

“The news has spread all over the world. I am very proud to put Israel and Kamida-Zoran on the map,” Ariel says.

“We are getting calls from China, Australia, Dubai — everywhere. It’s a big honor for us.”

Named for kids

Nir Dai, the Volcani Center plant scientist who bred the Ilan variety grown on Toot BaSadeh, was there for the official weighing.

This strawberry expert said it was indeed the biggest strawberry he’d ever seen.

Nir Dai of the Volcani Center displaying Ilan strawberries with son Yonatan. (Courtesy of Nir Dai)

Although Israel has only about 1,000 acres of strawberries — all grown in covered hothouses at various farms — the government’s renewed breeding program at the Volcani Center has introduced about 10 commercial varieties since 2006.

Like Ilan, almost all new Volcani cultivars are named in honor of (and a few in memory of) children: Tammuz, Barak, Yasmin, Gili, Lavi, Tamir, Ella and Rocky, named for Dai’s son Sela, which means “rock” in Hebrew. The Carmel Agrexco company bred strawberries named Orly, Yuval and Dandy.

Tamir hanging strawberries are grown without soil. (Courtesy of Nir Dai/Volcani Center)

“Matan and Rocky are very good, and now they dominate the fields,” Dai tells ISRAEL21c.

One of the Volcani Center’s original goals in breeding new varieties was lengthening the growing season. “In the 1970s, you could find strawberries in the market only from late January to mid-February,” Dai says. Now Israeli strawberries are available from November to May.

Rocky strawberries, named after the breeder’s son. (Courtesy of Nir Dai/Volcani Center)

The focus today is enhancing shelf life, flavor, aroma and firmness; berries that are too soft cannot be shipped long distances.

Shape matters, too – for example, Lavi is wide and conical while Hadar is oval, and Tammuz is heart-shaped. Color is another consideration depending on the market. The British prefer bright red strawberries, while Americans like darker ones.

Lavi strawberries weigh 28-30g and have a bright red color and sweet taste. (Courtesy of Nir Dai/Volcani Center)

However, Dai says, most Israeli strawberries stay on the domestic market because demand is high and there isn’t enough land to increase capacity significantly.

The record-breaking Ilan, planted in October, is very vigorous and flowers rapidly. In the very early stage, several fruits fuse together into one flower, Dai explains.

“This variety always has huge berries, 50 to 60 grams. And the weather very much affects the size. Cold temperatures make the berry big and heavy because from flower to fruit takes more than 45 days, compared to 25 days in warmer weather.”

Dai says the Volcani Center experimented with growing strawberries in the Golan Heights in July, but their average weight was just 12 to 15 grams.

He has high hopes for Ilan, which is easy to pick and boasts exceptional flavor and shelf life.

“It’s very crunchy and sweet and hardy enough to grow outdoors. I hope it will be commercialized in southern California or even in South Africa,” Dai says.

Produced in association with ISRAEL21c.

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