The Ornis center will be a breeding home for endangered birds. When possible, the animals will be released back into the wild.
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A Swiss zoo has opened a new conservation center for threatened bird species.
The Zurich Zoo in Switzerland said in a statement it is “stepping up its commitment to species protection” as part of its development plan for 2050.
“The completion of the Ornis species protection center was an important milestone,” the zoo said. “It creates the necessary infrastructure for the conservation breeding of threatened animal species.”
The name Ornis is derived from the ancient Greek word for bird. The facility, which is not accessible to zoo visitors, is composed of three different breeding facilities, located on the premises of the Zurich Zoo.
The zoo rebuilt the largest of the three Ornis facilities between November 2020 and November 2021, and it’s now fully operational. The new building allows the zoo to significantly increase its spatial capacities for breeding endangered species.
Breeders at the specially designed center can create different climatic conditions in the complexes. The goal is to produce the ideal environ for various species, adapted to their individual needs, to aid the mating process.
The offspring of the endangered birds will serve as “reserve populations of their endangered wild relatives within the European conservation breeding program,” the zoo said. Whenever possible, they will also be released back into the wild.
Access to the facility is restricted, due to hygiene precautions, according to the zoo. Only trained personnel familiar with the animals can enter Ornis. Such precautions will remain until the first breeding successes are achieved.
“The knowledge gained in Ornis can also help other institutions in the future to optimize their breeding efforts and successfully breed endangered species,” the zoo said.
The Zurich Zoo said it expects more threatened species to move into Ornis in the coming months and years.
The Zurich Zoo has been actively involved in species protection for many years. It participates in reintroduction projects and already breeds endangered species. Young bald ibises bred in the zoo were sent to a reintroduction project in Spain in 2021. Since last year, Zurich Zoo has also been part of a reintroduction project to return Ural owls to Austria, where they have been extinct for decades.
There have been 13 bird extinctions in the Americas over the past 50 years, primarily in Hawaii, such as the Kauai Akialoa, Guam Reed-warbler, Colombian Grebe and Least Vermilion Flycatcher, according to the American Bird Conservatory. Their biggest threat is habitat loss, Five other species are considered extinct in the wild, but survive in captivity.
Asia’s forest birds, such as the Maleo, are also at risk from hunters and climate change.
Edited by Fern Siegel and Kristen Butler